The Cento Camerelle Mines
A Major Bronze Age
Source of Tin
Campigiliese, Tuscany, Italy View from Southwest
Some of you may know of my interest in the availability of tin during the Bronze Age from
the GIS publication "The Distribution of Tin (Cassiterite): Mediterranean Bronze Age" I
published online in 2013 based extensively on the world's largest public mineralogical
database - Mindat.org. From my research on the Nuraghic Sardinians, I've been looking for
deposits of Cassiterite or Stannite for some years now that could explain their abundant
production of Bronze objects in the 2nd Millenium BC. Given there are ten locations in
Sardinia with mineralizations of Cassiterite I suspected, at least, one of these was
possibly a useful source of Bronze Age tin that had been thoroughly exhausted and then later
destroyed leaving little or no evidence. This still may be true.
But, after finding nothing beyond mineralizations on Sardinia I recently widened my search
following the trail of Cassiterite to Tuscany on the Italian mainland. As my investigation
took me on the road to the mines of Monte Valerio I discovered the following works of the
Italian scholar Auro Pampaloni:
Pampaloni, 2017, Lo stagno del Campigliese: 40 secoli di uso (Original Italian).
Pampaloni, 2017, The tin of Campigliese: 40 centuries of usage (English Translation).
Google Earth Slideshow
The following images comprise a Google Earth "slideshow" for mining sites and geographical features mentioned in the above publication:
Campo alle Buche
Cento Camerelle Overhead View
Animated Google Earth Guided Tour:
The Bronze Age Cassiterite Mines of Tuscany
If you don't already have the "free" version of Google Earth Pro setup on your computer you will need to download it here:
With Google Earth Pro downloaded, installed, and working properly on your computer you are now ready to simply open the Animated Slideshow KMZ file:
Lead Isotopes Analysis: possible risks and probable errors
The following publication on Lead Isotopes Analysis is tightly coupled with the above paper on Campigliese tin.
I think anyone interested in a much clearer picture of the supply of tin in the greater Mediterranean during
the Bronze Age will find this of great interest.
W. Sheppard Baird
September 20, 2017
Copyright © 2017 W. Sheppard Baird
All Rights Reserved